Crozet Islands were discovered by Nicolas Thomas Marion-Duresne, a French explorer. He sent his second-in-command Julien Crozet to the islands on 24th January 1772. He claimed possession of the islands for France. Sealers visited the islands, but now it is visited each year by elephant seals to mate and give birth. There are over 25 million seabirds on Crozet Island, made up of over 30 species. It is unsurpassed by any other country in the world. It is one of the last untouch
Photo: hurricanesinmybrain/home/about/facts-n-fun The Ashmore was hit with a deadly hurricane. It happened fast and was so severe it left her broken and drifting for days while they repaired her masts/ To learn about where the hurricane hit the Ashmore on the 6th August, 1882, I used a website where you type in the degrees longitude and latitude and it pinpoints exactly where it is on a world map.of These were the coordinates as told by Captain Whitmore upon their arrival in
In this BLINK I have added some old footage I used to help with writing the ASHMORE. There were a lot of commands I had to learn that the captain and crew would have used. It also gave me a better picture of how the crew worked the rigging. SV Ashmore Photo: Angela Curtis Ashmore's Specifications. Built: 1878 Rigging: Barque. The foremast & mainmast had square sails, the mizzenmast had a triangle sail called a spanker. From the jibboom, the beam out front of the bow, and betw
Cutty Sark Figurine Photo: Wikipedia Do you have any superstitions? Do you know where they came from? Did they originate from an ancestor of yours, or was your family somehow involved in the sea? It's amazing how many of our English sayings come from the sea. But let's not get sidetracked Let's go over the most common superstitions the sailors believed... 1-No Women On Board Unless They Are Naked Women distracted the sailors from their duties. This behaviour would anger the i
Video:SEEKER What is claustrophobia?
If you don't know, there's something to be greatful for. Claustrophobia is the fear of having no escape while being in a small space or room. It's typically classified as an anxiety disorder and often results in panic attacks. The onset of claustrophobia has been attributed to many factors, including a genetic predisposition. It can be brought on by being in an elevator, especially if it's crowded to capacity. Windowless rooms and even ti
Phosphorous at Vaadhoo, a beach on one of the Raa Atoll islands in the Maldives Photo: standard.co.uk How is the phosphorous glow created? The phosphorous glow is a natural phenomenon created when bioluminescent bacteria, blooming red algae also known as red tide, mixes with oxygen. It was stirred up by the hull of the Ashmore. The passengers on board saw phosphorous along the hull and in the wake of the ship at night. The doctor wrote about it in his diary. It is not to be c
Doctor Knight's Entry - The Ship's Surgeon Below are the photos I took of the entries in the doctor's diary relating to the birth of Ashmore Curtis on board the ship. My greatgranddad. I have included both photos and transcript from when I did my research of the diary. It took me 3-years to fully understand the magnitude of all they experienced in their journey. What a lot they put up with to immigrate here. Photo: Angela Curtis Transcription - Tuesday, Aug 15 1882 I had near
Photo: Wikipedia The process of committing a body to the ocean, not the sprinkling of someone's ashes, is a morbid subject I know, but a fact of life. Burials at sea are still performed by the navy. The customs and ceremonies of old included both burials in a casket, or in an old sailcloth. There just wasn't enough room on some vessels for the number of caskets needed during those early voyages. Death at sea was a common occurrence, especially aboard immigrant ships. The out
Photo: Nautical Terms Under Sail by Country Life Ashmore - Steerage Shade Sail The sail which Captain Whitmore rigged up over the main deck to the give the Steerage passenger's shade, would have looked like this one. Shade was a necessity while sailing in the tropics and easy to take down not long after, when they were hit with a snow. Four seasons in 103-days, kept the sailors busy as they had to open the holds to let the passengers open their chests to get out extra blanket
Image: vogue.com Smelling salts were made from various preparations of ammonium carbonate (NH4)2CO3H2O), a compound which provoked an inhalation reflex by irritating the linings of the airways. This substance was used in the classical era to prompt vigorous breathing and restore consciousness to the diseased, injured and the fainting woman. Which there were a lot of. Vinaigrette was also used in this way. It was housed in many forms of containers: Nathan Mills Vinaigrette Box
What is a whip called on ship? Captain's Daughter One name is the 'Captain's Daughter' or the 'Cat-of-Nine-Tails, or simply, the Cat. It was a multi-tailed whip that implemented severe physical punishment, used in the Royal Navy and the U.K. Army. It was even used as a judicial punishment in numerous countries including Great Britain. The Cat was made by unwinding the nine stranded rope, about 76 cm long and was designed to lacerate skin and cause severe pain. The Cat the Nav
Cairn Terriers Photo: YourPureBredPuppy This breed is most famously known for the role played as Toto in the Wizard of Oz. They're a sturdy breed, plucky, spirited and strong. They love to play, need daily walks and a confident owner to keep their bold terrier traits under control.
Adaptable and friendly, these dogs are the busybodies of the house and like to be a full participating member of the family. Always quick to announce guest, they are great guard dogs. They can be
King Neptune Ceremony This ceremony was performed when the ship crossed the equator. It was also called crossing the line. It was also an initiation rite commemorated the first time a sailor crossed over. This line-crossing lunacy was sanctioned to boost sailor’s spirits. But it was also authorised by Captains to entertain the passengers on merchant ships like the Ashmore. The crew were expected to become seasoned-sailors, capable of handling long periods of time with rough s
Flogging a dead horse is an idiom. To continue an action that is a waste of time because the outcome is already decided. For sailors, it was a ceremony. Read to the end to watch footage of the song they sang during the ceremony. Prior to setting sail from port, the crew were paid a month's wage in advance so they could buy what they needed for the journey. In the Ashmore Crew List, it was written just so. The doctor also mentioned this ceremony in his diary. Apparently, it wa
The doldrums is a popular nautical term for the belt around the earth where sailing ships suffered windless waters. I can imagine the sailors called their melancholy and misery the ‘doldrums’ too. Being stuck in the middle of the ocean with no wind for days, even weeks was enough to drive some to despair. No wonder they enjoyed their fishing. Photo: National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration The Doldrums is an area near the equator and known as the Inter-Tropical Converge
The Ashmore sailed close to Gough Island on their journey to New Zealand. It is located in the South Atlantic Ocean and lies 350 km/220 miles SSE of Tristan da Cunha. Photo:TristandC.com This island's coordinates are 40:32ºS 9.94ºW. It covers 91 km2/35 sq miles and is 12 km/8.1 miles long by 7 km/4.3 miles wide. The highest elevation called Edinburgh Peak is 910 m/2,990 ft. The island hosts the South African Meteorological Station. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sou
Three Songs Sung On The Ashmore: (I have chosen three amazing artists to sing these historically famous songs for you). The Parting Glass - Ed Sheeran The Last Rose of Summer - Kiri Te Kanawa Loch Lomond - Peter Hollons Do you know any of these? Video footage/Music and lyrics below. The Last Rose of Summer This song was originally written in 1805 as a poem by an Irish poet Thomas Moore. Then in 1792, it was set to a traditional tune called “The Young Man’s Dream”. It was pub
Randy Dandy-Oh This is a sea shanty typically used on square-rigged sails when working the pump or raising the anchor with the capstan. To hear the song the sailors sang when the tugboat released them out from Portsmouth, continue below. The doctor wrote about the tugboat and how they were left on their own hook. This means they had to raise the sails and head out under the power of just the wind. The capstan is the wheel instrument in the middle of the deck. As seen below, p
Photo: TripAdvisor:Pinterest Note the rail around the stove to hold the pots and pans in place while at sea. Onboard the Ashmore there was a Cook for first class and the crew. Also an Assistant Cook for second-class and Mess Men and Mess Women rostered on for steerage-class. Porridge was made for breakfast in steerage, lunch was served cold and for dinner, the steerage-class mostly ate cold salted meat and ship biscuits (recipe and video below), which needed to be soaked or t
S.V. John Duthie Photo: Wikimedia.org:Arthur Smith Captain Whitmore, Master of the S.V. Ashmore raced against the S.V. John Duthie in a show of speed and skill. He enjoyed displaying the ability of his ship, one of the first iron-hulled clippers on the sea at that time.
Doctor Knight complained about the night races and I don't blame him. They didn't have the technology to avoid a collision. But these races were more than a game to the captain. This was all part of the crew's